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In this episode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2021, Dr Yassir Javaid (Cardiovascular and Diabetes Clinical Lead, Nene CCG) and Dr Kevin Fernando (GP Partner at North Berwick Health Centre and Education Director for GPnotebook Education) discuss the detection of chronic kidney disease in primary care. What do the different tests tell us? What are the most up-to-date guidelines on investigations for CKD, and what do they recommend we do? How often should we be conducting tests for renal function and albuminuria?
In this epsiode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2021, Dr Peter Bagshaw (Clinical Lead in Dementia and Mental Health, South Gloucestershire CCG) and Dr Yassir Javaid (Cardiovascular and Diabetes Clinical Lead, Nene CCG) discuss the management of palpitations in primary care. How can we identify those patients with palpitations who have a significant cardiac abnormality or are at risk of an adverse outcome? What are the main causes of palpitations – including those that might have a psychological basis? What are the roles of history-taking and investigations? Finally, what red flags do we need to look out for?
In this episode, Kevin discusses the case of Lyndsey: a 44-year-old lady who presents to us in primary care with recurrent dizzy episodes over the last month. Lyndsey feels like her head is spinning. She feels nauseated with these episodes, but there is no history of vomiting. Lyndsey can walk unaided but feels very unsteady on her feet during these episodes. The dizziness can last for hours before resolving. There is no clear precipitant to these episodes, and there is no history of headache. Lyndsey denies any hearing loss or tinnitus. What should we do next?
In this episode, Kevin discusses thrombocytosis in the context of suspected cancer. How should an unexplained high platelet count be interpreted and managed in primary care? Which cancers are most commonly associated with thrombocytosis? Aside from underlying malignancy, what are the other possible causes? What further investigations and referrals should we consider, and when?
In this episode, Kevin looks at common questions around non-visible haematuria (NVH) – the condition formerly known as microscopic haematuria. Should we be screening for NVH? What follow-up investigations should we do for people with asymptomatic NVH? Should we change our approach for patients taking aspirin, warfarin or direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs)? Finally, who should we refer and how urgently?
In this episode, Kevin examines some common questions regarding vitamin B12 deficiency. In whom should we suspect it? What investigations should be carried out in primary care? How is it associated with folate deficiency? Once a deficiency in vitamin B12 is detected, how should it be managed? Finally, what approach should be taken during the current COVID-19 pandemic, when intramuscular administration of hydroxocobalamin may be challenging?
In the first episode in a new season of the podcast, Kevin discusses helpful guidance on the corrected QT interval in the context of primary care prescribing. Why should we be concerned about prolongation of the QT interval? Which medications can affect QT interval? What other risk factors for QT prolongation should be considered? And for which patients should we recommend electrocardiogram monitoring?

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