This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Cardiovascular medicine

After smoking and diet, hypertension is the biggest risk factor in the UK for premature death and disability. One in four people have hypertension in the UK, with around one in three treated to target. In this episode, Dr Roger Henderson gives an overview of the management of hypertension, covering its definition, risk factors, lifestyle management, investigations and medical treatments, including those recommended in the latest NICE guidelines.
Menopause and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can be a source of anxiety for both patients and clinicians. Menopause is frequently in the media and is at the forefront of many consultations. It’s on our minds and on our patients’ too. In the first in a series of episodes on menopause, Dr James Waldron explores its background, its coverage in the media, the changing attitudes towards it, the impact of menopause on patients and the true risks of HRT. Future episodes in the coming weeks will explore prescribing and other treatments.
In this episode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2022, Dr Rob Hampton (Portfolio GP, Leicestershire) and Dr Yassir Javaid (Cardiovascular and Diabetes Lead, Northamptonshire CCG) discuss the "neglected chronic condition" that is heart valve disease and the new NICE guideline covering its investigation and management in adults. Why can we expect an increase in cases over the coming years? What is the importance of timely diagnosis and referral? In which patients is a murmur more likely to represent a valve lesion? When should an electrocardiogram be recommended? How effective are current management options? What is best practice for follow-up?
In this episode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2022, Dr Yassir Javaid (Cardiovascular and Diabetes Lead, Northamptonshire CCG) and Dr Patrick Holmes (GP, Darlington) examine the latest developments in renal medicine, with a focus on assessing and managing chronic kidney disease (CKD). What role do sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors have in the management of the condition, both in people with diabetes and those without diabetes?
In this episode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2022, Dr Yassir Javaid (Cardiovascular and Diabetes Lead, Northamptonshire CCG) and Dr Steve Holmes (GP, Shepton Mallet and Clinical Respiratory Lead, NHS England South West and NHS Somerset) discuss the "heart–lung connection" – specifically, the overlap between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and heart failure. What are the challenges in distinguishing between these conditions when they present in general practice, and how can they be addressed? After diagnosing a patient with either COPD or heart failure, how important is it to also look for the condition?
In this episode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2022, Dr Sarah Davies (GPwSI in Diabetes, Cardiff) and Dr Peter Bagshaw (Clinical Lead in Dementia and Mental Health, South Gloucestershire CCG) discuss the interplay between mental health and conditions such as diabetes, dementia and heart disease. What role do lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity have in modulating such relationships? Most importantly, what can we do to help patients who may be stuck in a vicious cycle whereby physical ailments adversely impact mental health, which can, in turn, make positive lifestyle changes more difficult to achieve.
In this episode, Dr Kevin Fernando considers the case of Juliana, a 43-year-old journalist who requests a cholesterol check because her father experienced a heart attack in his early 50s. She has no past medical history of note. Her lipid profile returns as follows: total cholesterol (TC), 7.5 mmol/L; HDL-cholesterol, 1.4 mmol/L; triglycerides, 2.2 mmol/L; LDL-cholesterol, 2.9 mmol/L. What should we do next, and what do current guidelines recommend regarding the detection and management of familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH)?
In this episode, Kevin considers the diagnosis and management of superficial venous thrombosis. Lesley is a 64-year-old woman who presents to us with a sore, itchy right leg and no past medical history of note. On examination, she has a tender, hard, erythematous varicose vein extending from her thigh to ankle. What should we do next? Should we be worried about underlying deep vein thrombosis?
In this podcast focusing on stroke prevention, Dr Yassir Javaid presents useful practical tips on managing NVAF in primary care including: identifying at-risk patient groups, screening and diagnosis of NVAF, initiating NOACs in general practice and highlighting the importance of getting the dose correct when anticoagulating NVAF patients.
In this epsiode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2021, Dr Peter Bagshaw (Clinical Lead in Dementia and Mental Health, South Gloucestershire CCG) and Dr Yassir Javaid (Cardiovascular and Diabetes Clinical Lead, Nene CCG) discuss the management of palpitations in primary care. How can we identify those patients with palpitations who have a significant cardiac abnormality or are at risk of an adverse outcome? What are the main causes of palpitations – including those that might have a psychological basis? What are the roles of history-taking and investigations? Finally, what red flags do we need to look out for?

Thanks for your feedback. Please note that by including your email address, you are giving permission for us to contact you by email to help resolve any issues.

GPnotebook_podcast_white-text

Would you like to receive updates about new podcast episodes by email? (You can unsubscribe at any time)