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Oncology

Menopause and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can be a source of anxiety for both patients and clinicians. Menopause is frequently in the media and is at the forefront of many consultations. It’s on our minds and on our patients’ too. In the first in a series of episodes on menopause, Dr James Waldron explores its background, its coverage in the media, the changing attitudes towards it, the impact of menopause on patients and the true risks of HRT. Future episodes in the coming weeks will explore prescribing and other treatments.
Using electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), or ‘vaping’, has become the most popular form of nicotine replacement therapy in the UK. In this podcast episode, Dr Roger Henderson looks at why this is, the benefits to smokers, and whether we should be recommending such products to our patients who smoke. He also talks about current concerns over their increasing popularity in adolescents and what their potential long-term risks may be.
In this episode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2022, Dr Anthony Cunliffe (Macmillan National Clinical Adviser for Primary Care) and Dr Peter Bagshaw (Clinical Lead in Dementia and Mental Health, South Glos CCG) discuss the exacerbation of health inequalities related to the COVID-19 pandemic, with a specific focus on cancer services. Which common avoidable cancers and their risk factors might be related to health inequalities? What can primary care professionals do to address the issue?
In this episode, Dr Kevin Fernando and Dr Jim McMorran discuss the ongoing NHS-Galleri trial. The study, which is being conducted among 140,000 asymptomatic patients in England, will assess whether the new Galleri blood test can assist in detecting cancer early when used alongside existing screening measures in the NHS. Kevin and Jim consider the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of the test, reflect on how the test compares with other investigative measures for cancer and contemplate the key practical aspects primary care professionals should be aware of.
In this episode, Kate discusses gynaecomastia and its investigation and management in primary care. She talks us through an infographic produced by The Association of Breast Surgery called Guidance on Gynaecomastia and considers the following important questions: “who do I need to be worried about?”, “what investigations should I consider?” and “when should I make a referral?”.
In this episode, which has been recorded for Chronic Conditions Month 2021, Dr Steve Holmes (Clinical Respiratory Lead for NHS Somserset) and Dr Anthony Cunliffe (National Lead GP Adviser at Macmillan Cancer Support) discuss cancer as a long-term condition from a primary care perspective. How is the landscape of cancer care changing, with respect to the role of primary care clinicians? Why is accurate coding so important? In what ways can clinicians better individualise care in this area? What resources are available to support difficult conversations?
In this episode, Kevin discusses thrombocytosis in the context of suspected cancer. How should an unexplained high platelet count be interpreted and managed in primary care? Which cancers are most commonly associated with thrombocytosis? Aside from underlying malignancy, what are the other possible causes? What further investigations and referrals should we consider, and when?

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